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Despite the fact that tanning is related to good health, the sun can cause two types of skin disorders, some visible and others invisible. The visible ones are burns, which cause erythema or redness of the skin, discomfort and pain in some cases, when blisters form.
The invisible consequences are caused by alterations in the genome, since UVB rays are absorbed by DNA, and when sun exposure is excessive, abnormal cells proliferate and form carcinomas and melanoma.
According to estimates by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), more than 2 million non-melanoma skin cancers and 200,000 malignant melanomas occur worldwide each year. Fair-skinned people are at higher risk of skin cancer because of the relative absence of skin pigmentation. According to different clinical studies,using a sunscreen 15 during the first 18 years of life can reduce the risk of skin cancer by up to 78 percent.
Babies' skin is thinner than adult skin and produces much less melanin. Take extreme precautions against the sun if you have a nursing baby. More than 10 minutes of direct exposure under the strong sun rays of the central hours of the day, enough is enough time to harm a newborn.
1. Far of the sun. Infants under 6 months of age should always be in the shade and should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Protect your baby from the sun under the shade of an umbrella, a tree or an awning, and always wear him dressed, with a hat and a personal umbrella. Keep in mind that the shade, by itself, is not sufficient protection, especially if you are in a place where solar radiation is reflected like snow or sand on the beach. Take "extra" measures of protection for your baby in these cases because it is possible that he was burned due to indirect solar radiation.
2. Outside the beach and pool. Avoid taking your baby to the beach and the pool in the middle of the day. Babies should not be in these places where solar radiation is very intense, even in the shade. At central hours, babies should be covered in a building and if possible in a non-hot environment.
3. Burns under medical supervision. Sunburn in nursing babies should always be evaluated by the pediatrician.
4. Line of special photoprotectors for babies. Babies under 6 months of age should use a sunscreen of a special line for babies. The minimum SPF should be 30. Avoid applying it by hands as it could suck up the cream.
5. Long-sleeved light clothing. Dress your baby in comfortable, light-colored clothing that covers large body surfaces. Long pants and long-sleeved shirts are the most recommended. The fabric must be cotton or resistant to solar radiation. Protect his head and face with wide-brimmed hats.
Marisol New. Editor of our site
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