How to detect that a child suffers abuse

How to detect that a child suffers abuse

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Who does not get the hair on end when talking about child abuse. Some news items that appear in the press or television that deal with violence against children do not seem real, and yet they do happen.

According to psychologists and experts on the subject of child abuse, in general, children do not know how to defend themselves from the aggressions of adults, they do not ask for help and this attitude places them in a vulnerable position in the face of aggressive or negligent parents or relatives.

They say that Behind child abuse there is always a person who attacks and another who is silent, and not reporting has serious consequences for children. Apart from the physical damage, which can endanger your health, on a psychological and emotional level, numerous problems arise in the proper development of your personality. Hence, the importance of detecting abuse as soon as possible and looking for an adequate response that helps the child in its evolutionary development.

The problems that abused children have can be detected at school, through their routine medical examinations, observed by friends, neighbors or relatives and, when suspected, they should always be reported. The manifestations can become evident through their behavior or their physique and constitute what experts call alarms or attention pilots, that is, indicators that warn about a risk situation. Knowing how to interpret these indicators and not remain passive before them is essential.

In children, some of the indicators that may manifest are repeated physical signs (black eyes, bruises, burns), permanent tiredness or apathy, significant change in school behavior for no apparent reason, aggressive behavior or severe and persistent temper tantrums, hostile and distant relationships, hypervigilant attitude, explicit and inappropriate sexual behavior for their age, behavior antisocial or depressive symptomatology.

Parents, on the other hand, do not seem to care about the child, they never attend school appointments and meetings, they despise the child in public, feel their child as property, express difficulties in their marriage, pick up and take the child to school without allowing social contacts, abuse toxic substances, justify rigid and authoritarian discipline, and habitually use inappropriate discipline for the child's age .

It is true that some of these indicators can occur in family cases where there is no abuse, but experts say that there is a characteristic that differentiates them: abusers do not usually recognize the existence of abuse and reject any type of help, justifying with very strong arguments. varied their actions. In contrast, parents with difficulties tend to recognize them and accept any kind of help that is offered.

Marisol New

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